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Alternative Drive Concepts
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Business Organisation, Communications
Quality management in automotive service operations
Ackermann steering
Active Body Control (ABC)
Antilock-braking system (ABS)
Basic principles of steering
Basics of the electronic chassis control systems
Brake assistant (BAS)
Brake pads
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Computerised axle alignment
Diagnosis and maintenance of the hydraulic brake system
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Driving dynamics
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Sensotronic Brake Control (SBC)
Steel springs
Steering gear
Steering linkage
Steering systems
Swinging beam steering
Traction-Control System (TCS)
Types of springs
Vehicle Dynamics Control ESP, DSC
Vibration dampers
Vibration dampers in the compound suspension system
Wheel adjustments
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Wheels and tyres
Chemical and genetic safety, radiation protection
Chemical Safety
Environmental analysis
Radiation protection
Closed-loop control
Action plan
Adaptive systems
Analysis and design of closed-loop control systems
Closed-loop control terminology
Control algorithms
Controller design in the frequency domain
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D response
Device technology
Discontinuous controller
Dynamic response of control loops
Dynamic response of control loops
Frequency characteristic
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I response
Introduction into closed-loop control technology
Linear time-invariant system (LTI)
Neural networks
Non-linear systems
P response
Process-related flowcharts
PT1 response
PTk response
PTt response
Pulse functions
Special closed-loop control structures
Steady-state response of control loops
Step functions
Clothing Sector and Accessories
Comfort and Convenience Technology
Antitheft systems
Central locking system
Comfort and convenience systems
Convertible roof actuation
Cruise control system
Driver assistance systems
Electric power seats
Electric power windows
Electronic windscreen wiper
Infotainment system
Mobile phones
Navigation systems
Operating and travel data display
Parking assistance system
Régulateur de vitesse adaptatif (ACC)
Vehicle immobiliser
Ventilation, heating, surrounding air, air conditioning
Commercial Vehicle Technology
ABS for air-brake systems
Air-brake system (brake system with external power source)
Components of air-brake system Compressor
Continuous brake systems
Drive train
Dual-circuit, dual-line air-brake system
EBS with ESP (electronic braking system with electronic stabilisation program)
Injection system with inline injection pump
TCS (Traction Control System) for air-brake systems
Cutting Technique
Body Measurement
Cutting Technique
Desalination Technologies
Desalination Plants
Desalination Processes
Emerging Desalination Technologies
Membranes technologies
Renewable energies
Thermal desalination
Design and Operating principle of a four-stroke engine
Combustion sequence of diesel engine
Combustion sequence of sparkignition engine
Cylinder numbering, firing orders
Diesel engine
Engine-performance curves
Features of a diesel engine
Features of a spark-ignition engine
General physical and chemical
Pressure-volume diagram (p -V diagram)
Spark-ignition engine
Stroke-to-bore ratio, power output per litre, weight-to-power ratio
Timing diagram
Designs and Fashion Trends
Design Elements
Designs and Fashion Trends
Development Methods
Adaptive transmission control
All-Wheel drive
Automated manual gearbox
Automatic clutch system (ACS)
Automatic differential locks
Automatic gearbox
Bevel-gear final drive
Continuously variable automatic transmission with pushbelt or link chain
Differential locks
Electrohydraulic transmission control
Final drive
Friction clutch
Manual variable-speed gearbox
Multi-plate clutch
Propeller shafts, drive shafts, joints
Stepped automatic gearbox with hydrodynamic converter
Types of drive
Variable-speed gearbox
Driving School
Final Wash
Electrical Engineering
Adaptation of the ignition point
Alternating voltage and alternating current
Circuit diagrams
Data transfer between the ca and surroundings
Data transmission in motor vehicles
DC motors
Detection of misfiring
Electric motors
Electrical current
Electrical resistance
Electrical resistance of matter
Electromagnetic compatibility
Electronic components
General of the electrical engineering
High-frequency technology
Ignition coils
Ignition distribution
Ignition systems
Integrated circuits
Lighting in the motor vehicle
Measuring, testing, diagnosis
Ohm's law
Optical data bus systems (D2B, MOST)
Power supply and vehicle electrical system
Protection against the hazards of electrical current
Signal transmitters
Signalling system
Spark plugs
Standard oscillogram
Starter battery
Three-phase AC voltage and three-phase current
Voltage generation
Renewable energies
Energy efficiency
Building technology, insulation, HVAC etc.
Environment and Water Quality
Environment and ecology
Abiotic (non-living) environment
Biotic (living) environment
Environmental chemistry and ecotoxicology
Natural disasters
Environmental policy
Basics of environmental economics
Economic instruments
Environmental information
Inter-sectoral policy processes
Legal instruments
Other instruments
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Environmental Protection, Occupational Safety
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Fabric Types and Designs
Fabric Types and Designs
Technical/Industrial Fabrics
Facilities & Equipments
animal fiber
Fiber Preparation
Fiber Test Procedures
synthetic fiber
vegetable fiber
Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT)/ Governance
Political agreements
Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)
Framework conditions
Commercial law: national and international
Cooperations: national and international
Energy regions: MENA, EU etc.
Legal framework conditions: German Renewable Energy Law, institutional funding etc.
Projects: national, international, project development (REEE)
Standards and norms
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Friction, Lubrication, Bearings, Seals
Fuel saving
Gear Technology/ Transmission Technology
General Concepts
General Concepts
Geotechnical Engineering
Geothermal energy, geothermics
Geothermal energy, geothermics
Hardware for Computer Data Processing
Heat Engine
Hydrogeology, Hydrology and Hydrological Engineering
hydraulic engineering
Information technology (IT)
Interior Textiles
Leather and Fur
Natural Leather and Fur
Synthetic Leather and Fur
Legal Framework
Legislation, Regulations and Trademarks
institutions and organisations
Logistics - Basic Concepts
Logistics - Combined Transport
Logistics - Material Handling
Machine elements
Manufacturing technologies
Material Science
Categorisation of materials
Commercial forms of steel
Ferrous products
Heat treatment of ferrous products
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Properties of materials
Basics, electrical variables
Distance and angular measurement
Expansion measurement
Flow measurement
Force measurement
Measurement of additional parameters
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Pressure measurement
Random measuring errors
Signal types
System of units
Temperature measurement
Transfer properties
Measuring Techniques
Mechanical Engine Components
Air cooling
Charge optimisation
Connecting rod
Crankshaft drive
Cylinder head
Cylinder, cylinder head
Cylinder-head gasket
Design of engine timing gear
Dual-mass flywheel
Engine lubricating systems
Engine suspension
Engine timing gear
Engine-cooling systems
Independent supercharging
Liquid cooling
Map-controlled cooling systems
Map-cooling components
Pump-cooling components
Supercharging (charge adjustment)
Timing-gear components
Types of cooling
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanical Vibrations
Methods and Techniques
Mixture Formation
Axial-piston distributor pump with mechanical control
Basic principles
Basic principles of petrol injection
Combustion process of direct injection
Combustion sequence in a diesel engine
Common-rail system
Comparison of injection processes
Components of systems Fuel tank
Design and function of electronic petrol injection
Design of systems
Electronic diesel control (EDC)
Fuel-supply systems in spark-ignition engines
Injection systems for passenger-car diesel engines
Inlet-passage control
Mixture formation in diesel engines
Mixture formation in spark-ignition engines
Nozzle-holder assembly
Operating modes with petrol direct injection
Operating-data acquisition
Petrol injection
Radial-piston distributor injection pump (VP4)
Single-point injection
Start-assist systems
Unit-injector system
Motor Vehicle
Air filters
Brake fluid
Classifications of technical systems and subsystems by processing mode
Diesel fuels
Filter, body and maintenance
Fuel filters
Fuels for spark-ignition engines
Interior filters
Motor vehicle classifications
Oil filters
Oils and lubricants
Service and maintenance
Motorcycle Technology
Types of motorcycle
Wheel location, suspension and damping
Open- and Closed-loop Control Technology
Actuators and drive elements
Closed-loop control
Control elements
Pneumatic and hydraulic control systems
Signalling devices, signal types and signal conversion
Structure and components of the open-loop control system
Open-loop control / Network technology
Access techniques
Cables and transmission types
Communication models
Data backup
Fieldbus systems
Introduction into control technology
Logical functions
Network basics
Network coupling
Network topologies
Numerical systems and codes
PC networks
PLC technology
Process control technology
Production automation
ordinances and technical rules and standards
Polutant Reduction
Diagnosis and maintenance (EI)
European On-Board Diagnosis (EOBD)
Exhaust system
Exhaust-gas composition
Pollutant reduction in a diesel engine
Pollutant reduction in a spark-ignition engine
Procedures for reducing pollutants
Potable Water
Production Engineering
Basics of cutting-shaping with machine tools
Categorisation of connections
Forming under bending conditions
Riveted joints
Screwed joints
Sheet-metal working processes
Snap-in connections
Wedge-action cutting
Safety and Comfort
Sanitary and Environmental Engineering
Service/ Repair/ Autoshop
Societal issues
Availability of water, energy, local provision
Climate change and climate protection
Emissions trading
Political issues: transformation, public involvement, participation
Soil and Land
Land degradation
Legal framework
Sustainable land management
Solar energy
Solar heat, CSP
Statistics and Data Management
Structural Engineering
Surveying Engineering
Sustainable management
Extractive industries
Fishery, aquaculture
In-house sustainable management
Other industries
Political guidance
Private sector initiatives
Standards and certifications
Sustainable production and consumption patterns
System technology
AC/DC networks and hybrid networks
Combined heat and power
Demand side management
Electrical networks: low-voltage, medium-voltage and high-voltage networks (HVDC)
Gas networks
Hybrid technology
Interconnected networks: water, energy, gas, heat and Internet
Smart grids
Storage technologies
Test Technology
Measuring instruments
Tolerances and fits
textile parameters
textile parameters
Training/ Schooling
Transport Business, Law and Policy
Transport Engineering, Technology and Infrastructure
Aircraft Engineering
Automotive Engineering
Aviation Infrastructure
Railway and Public Transport Technology
Railway Infrastructure
Railway Vehicle Engineering
Road Infrastructure
Road traffic facilities
Ship Engineering
Shipping Infrastructure
Transport Planning
Transport Safety
Two-stroke Spark-ignition engine, Rotary engine
Particular design features
Rotary engine
Two-stroke engine
Vehicle Body
Accident repairs to self-supporting bodies
Corrosion protection on motor vehicles
Damage assessment and measurement
Materials in body making
Safety in vehicle manufacturing
Vehicle body/bodywork
Vehicle paintwork
Vehicle Development
Vehicle Manufacturing
Vehicle Test
Waste Management
Legal framework
Material and energetic treatment
Planning for waste management
Social and environmental aspects
Waste categories
Waste collection
Sludge Treatment
Wastewater Management
Wastewater Treatment
water management
Water Chemistry
Water Distribution
Water Management
Water Polution Control
Water Quality
water status
Water Treatment
Water power, hydro energy (running water, tides)
Water networks
Weaving and Knitting
Knitting and Knitted Fabrics
Wind power
Offshore technology
yarns and twisted yarns

The subject area Automotive Engineering contains 4605 entries.

Validated term Validated term
Unified Arabic term validated Unified Arabic term validated during the Arabization Congress organized by the Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO) affiliated to the Arab League

For further details regarding the Arabic translation, please click on the hyperlinked term.

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Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 2/2-port directional control valve2/2-Wegeventil [n.]distributeur 2/2 voies [m.]صمام توجيهي 2/2
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 2-channel ABS2-Kanal ABS [n.]ABS 2 canaux [m.]نظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS) ثنائي القناة
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 2-point control2-Punkt –Regelung [f.]régulation tout ou rien [f.]التحكم ثنائي النقاط
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3/2-port directional control valve3/2-Wegeventil [n.]électrovanne 3/2 voies [f.]صمام توجيهي من النوع 2/3
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3/2-port solenoid valve ventilated3/2-Wege-Magnetventil entlüftend [n.]électrovanne 3/2 voies, échappement [f.]صمام مغناطيسي توجيهي لتصريف الهواء من نوع 2/3
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3/2-port solenoid valve ventilated3/2-Wege-Magnetventil belüftend [n.]électrovanne 3/2 voies, admission [f.]صمام مغناطيسي توجيهي للتهوية من نوع 2/3
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3D ignition map3D-Kennfeld [n.]courbe caractéristique 3D [f.]مُخطط خصائصي ثلاثي الأبعاد
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3D ignition system3D-Zündanlage [f.]installation d'allumage 3D [f.]منظومة الإشعال ثلاثية الأبعاد
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3-point safety belt3-Punkt-Sicherheitsgurt [m.]ceinture de sécurité à trois points [f.]حزام الأمان ثُلاثي النقاط
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 3rd brake3. Bremse [f.]frein auxiliaire [m.]الفرملة الثالثة
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4/2-port directional control valve4/2-Wegeventil [n.]distributeur 4/2 [m.]صمام توجيهي من نوع 4/2
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4/3-port electromagnet valve ETS [UK] / 4/3-port solenoid valve ETS [US]4/3-Wege-Magnetventil ETS [n.]électrovanne 4/3 voies ETSصمام مغناطيسي توجيهي من نوع 3/4 (نظام ETS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4/3-port electromagnet valve MTS [UK] / 4/3-port solenoid valve MTS [US]4/3-Wege-Magnetventil MTS [n.]électrovanne 4/3 voies MTSصمام مغناطيسي توجيهي من نوع 3/4 (نظام MTS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4-channel ABS4-Kanal ABS [n.]ABS 4 canaux [m.]نظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS) رباعي القناة
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4-circuit protection valve4-Kreis-Schutzventil [n.]valve de protection à 4 circuits [f.]صمام حماية رباعي الدوائر
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4-Matic4-Matic [n.]4-Maticنظام 'فورماتيك' (4-Matic)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 4-motion4 Motion [n.]4 Motionنظام الدفع الرُباعي 'فور موشن' (4 Motion)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 6-channel ABS6-Kanal ABS [n.]ABS à 6 canauxنظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS) سُداسي القنوات
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated AAR jointAAR-Gelenk [n.]joint AAR [m.]وصلة مفصلية من النوع AAR
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ABS components air brakeABS-Komponenten Druckluftbremse [f.]composants de l'ASB pour frein à air comprimé [m.]مكوّنات نظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS) للفرملة البنيوماتية
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ABS control functionABS-Regelfunktion [f.]fonction de régulation ABS [f.]وظيفة التحكم الخاصة بنظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 'ABS indicator light 'red', motor vehicle'ABS-Warnleuchte 'rot' [f.], Motorwagentémoin d'avertissement rouge de véhicule à moteur ABS [m.]لمبة التحذير الحمراء الخاصة بنظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS) - السيارة القاطرة
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ABS off-road switchABS-Geländeschalter [m.]commutateur tout terrain ABS [m.]مفتاح نظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS) للقيادة على الأراضي الوعرة
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated absolute pressure sensorAbsolutdrucksensor [m.]capteur de pression absolue [m.]مُسجل قيم قياس الضغط المُطلقة
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ABS relay valveABS-Relaisventil [n.]valve relais ABS [f.]صمام مُرحّل لنظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ABS socketABS-Steckdose [f.]prise ABS [f.]مقبس نظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ABS stick sensorABS-Stabsensor [m.]capteur à barre inductive ABS [m.]حسّاس قضيبي لنظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated 'ABS warning light ''red'' trailer'ABS-Warnleuchte 'rot' Anhänger [f.]témoin d'alerte « rouge » ABS de remorque (m.)المصباح التحذيري 'الأحمر' لنظام منع غلق العجلات (ABS)
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated ACCACC [f.]accélération de la caisse [f.]نظام ACC
Validated term Unified Arabic term validated accelerationBeschleunigung [f.]accélération [f.]التسارع

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